*this is a guide that was created from lecture videos and is used to help you gain an understanding of what are the different types of os.
Touring Windows Vista
Desktop, start button, title bar, notification area/system tray, windows sidebar and gadgets
User account control- designed to keep people from doing dangerous things unless they are an administrator. Start -> Command prompt -> right click, run as administrator.
Turn on UAC in Vista- control panel -> user accounts -> turn user account control on or off
Control panel -> administrative tools -> memory diagnostics tool used for RAM testing
Control panel -> security center -> one stop spot to show security essentials, replaced by the action center later on
Control panel -> people near me -> WinFS, never happened
Touring Windows 7
Aero desktop needs 128mb video memory and directx9, Aero glass provides transparency for windows open, flip 3D shows running programs in 3D manner
Turn on Aero Desktop -> right click on desktop, personalize -> select an Aero Theme, if you do not see these then you do not have the right directx or video card
Sidebar and Gadgets in Windows 7 became more flexible, drag and drop gadgets onto desktop. Last version of gadgets.
User Account Control- Windows 7 has four levels and vista only has on and off.
Control panel -> category view options (not tested in A+)
Windows 7 has Action Center, which replaced the security center.
Event Viewer is used to log file when events occur in Windows, there is application, security can show security issues, setup, system has to do with the core operating system
Compatibility mode is used telling windows to run a program as if it is an earlier version of Windows running and is only available on third party programs.
Right click on application, properties -> compatibility tab OR right click on application -> troubleshoot compatibility
Workgroup or Windows Domain was primary choices until Windows 7 made libraries and homegroups. Libraries are commonly shared folders such as documents or photos. Homegroup is between a workgroup and a domain, and is automated. Homegroups run on IPv6 only.
Control panel -> network and sharing center -> select home network to enable homegroups, creating a homegroup provides a password
Task manager is used to force programs to close and see how your system is running- control + shift + escape -> task manager
Resource monitor shows resource usage and gives you detailed monitoring of system performance.
Touring Windows 8
Lock screen gave Windows 8 a pretty overview where people couldn’t make any mistakes
Metro UI- start screen uses tiles instead of icons
Windows App goes straight to full screen and designed to work with Metro UI
Start button was replaced with a “hot corner”
Right click application and pin to start to make a tile on the desktop.
App Store, Windows App can only be downloaded through the store
Live tiles move around
A lot of people didn’t like it as it was a shock, Windows 8.1 was the improved version that brought back the start button.
Quick link is used for preset connections to certain utilities, by right clicking.
Charms bar was a tool that allowed you to quickly search and use other utilities that you need.
Touring Windows 10
Interface improvements from Windows 8- metro desktop became a part of the start menu, Windows charm/charm bar was removed.
Multiple desktop gives you a bunch of monitors when you only have one, also called workspaces on Linux and spaces on OS X. Task view -> new desktop, to access on Windows 10.
Introduced Microsoft Edge, it is quick and has a feature called web notes to share annotated pages.
Cortana is a voice assistant that comes with Microsoft 10. Downside is that it has to be on the internet.
Touring OS X
Desktop, menu bar, apple menu on top left, status menus on top right, dock on bottom, finder to search for applications, spotlight. System preferences is as close to control panel you are going to get on a Mac.
Touring Ubuntu Linux
Most OS are closed or proprietary operating systems. Linux is open source and free. Linux is just a kernel like talk to memory or file system. Distro is made into a full operating system, examples are debian, opensuse, fedora, redhat, ubuntu. Raspbian is based off debian. Android is based off a Linux distro.
Gnome- oldest desktop environments around, simple and fast but dated.
KDE- complex, windows like features
Unity- ubuntu’s idea of a desktop
Mate- based off gnome and used with raspbian
Unix/Linux terms- Launcher, the dash
How to get where you need to go in the OS. Control panel has device manager and administrative tools.
Vista -> start -> all programs -> accessories -> system tools for backup, disk cleanup, etc.
Vista -> Control panel -> device manager to configure devices or administrative tools
Windows 7 -> start -> all programs -> accessories -> system tools
Windows 7 -> control panel -> system tools or device manager
Windows 8 -> hold down windows X key to get to power user menu -> control panel -> device manager and administrative tools
Windows 10 -> right click on start button to power user -> control panel
Windows 10 -> search for settings, no more PC settings
Go to search and type application and .msc
Ubuntu -> system settings or go into a specific device properties
OS X -> system preferences or utilities folder
When you are out of memory/RAM, you can create a swap file that acts like RAM and virtual memory.
Vista -> start ->command line ->cd| -> dir /ab
Vista -> start -> control panel ->system -> advanced -> performance -> settings -> advanced
Page file/virtual memory should never be used unless you run out of RAM