*this is a guide that was created from lecture videos and is used to help you gain an understanding of how to select a laptop computer.
Standard- ½ to 1 GB of RAM, mobile intel processor, optical media, 2 1/2 drive, runs Windows
Desktop replacement- big screen up to 21, tons of RAM, highest Windows, 64 bit, full size keyboard
Netbook- don’t run typical intel or AMD, will run intel atom, 32 bit processor, small RAM, no hard drive instead uses SD or SSD, low end version of Windows
Ultrabook- inspiration made from macbook air, solid state drive, thin and light, no optical media, plenty RAM, CPU, big screen
Tablet PC- they can be treated as a tablet and use a stylus, windows 7 has Pen and touch settings for tablet PC’s, calibrate your stylus if isn’t working properly
Mini-pcie is a wireless NIC. In, drives, SODIMM, mini-pcie can be interchanged for expandability.
Docking station- box you can slide your computer into for many features. You need a proprietary connector. The alternative is a port replicator which is based off of USB ports, the downside is that it is hard to plug in a monitor compared to a docking station.
PCMCIA- original type of expansion bus inside a card. 16 bit connector. Different types of cards based off thickness, 1,2, and 3. Type 3 is the thickest. Type 2 can sometimes be double stacked when inserted.
PC Card- 32 bit connector
Express Card- 2 thicknesses, 34 or 54 mm
Do not places a PC card into an Express Card slot.
Around 2011, PC CArd and Express CArd are vanishing and replaced by USB.
Monitor Screens- LCD and OLED, uses either LED or CCFL lights. LED uses less power, brighter and longer life. OLED is better contrast, less power and prettier.
Monitor Types- TN oldest generation of LCD, replaced by IPS which is preferred, gives better contrast, wider range of view.
Two types of screens based off manufacturers- Glossy gives you glare, matte will give you less contrast
Pointing devices- trackpad or trackpoint
Easy to add RAM to most laptops. Replacing a CPU is not for the faint of heart. You can upgrade system boards, peripherals and motherboards. Replacing a fan is easy.
SD card reader, USB-3, VGA, Ethernet, USB 3, HDMI, mini-display port
ESATA, display port
Macbook Air has a Thunderbolt connector, and unique to Apple.
HDMI and display port is convertible. USB dongles can be used in place of other ports.
Proper laptop disassembly
Tips- Read manual/take many photos -> ifixit toolkit -> remove tape -> remove screws and organize them
APM- made in 90’s and replaced by ACPI
Power management is turned on from BIOS in old days, now ACPI is on automatically.
ACPI Sleep/Standby- keeps RAM powered and shuts off all other systems. Possibility to lose everything.
ACPI Hibernate- saves RAM to disk then powers off everything. Takes longest to get out of, “deeper sleep.”
ACPI Hybrid- saves RAM to disk but keeps RAM powered for rapid boot, made from Windows. Benefit is that you won’t lose anything if you go down.
Power plans from Microsoft -> Select power option. Hybrid sleep defaults to disabled on laptops. Hybrid sleep defaults to enabled on desktops.
Create custom power plan for power management in Windows.
Go into BIOS to turn on or off Wake on LAN.
AC back- if power goes out, then the computer will not automatically restart
Use compressed air to clean out keyboards.
Sticky keys- can’t replace a single key, must replace the keyboard, extremely delicate ribbon cable. Work gently.